70

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The year 70 (LXX) was a common year beginning on a Monday of the Julian calendar, in force on that date.

In the Roman Empire, it was known as the Year of the Consulate of Vespasian and Titus (or less frequently, year 823 Ab urbe condita). The designation 70 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini became the prevalent European method of naming years.

Events

  • Emperor Vespasian and his son Titus become Roman consuls.
  • Vespasian begins the Coliseum building; the amphitheater is used for games with gladiators and public shows, such as recreation of naval battles, recreation of famous battles and dramas of classical mythology.
  • Titus takes Jerusalem after a prolonged siege and destroys the Temple of Jerusalem.
  • La Legio I Adiutrix the Legio VI Victrix and the Legio X Gemina abandon Hispania and are transferred to Germania Inferior to end the bátava revolt.
  • Creation of the Legio II Adiutrix.
  • Dissolution of the Legio I GermanicaOf the Legio IV MacedonicaOf the Legio XV Primigenia and the Legio XVI Gallica.
  • Creation of the Legio IV Flavia Felix replacement IV Macedonica and the Legio XVI Flavia Firma instead of the XVI Galica.
  • Integration of the remains of the I Germanica in the Legio VII Galbiana to give rise to the Legio VII Gemina.
  • Vepasian Latinity Edict: Hispania receives ius Latii. The legions of garrison leave the province.

Births

  • Cayo Julio Cuadrado Baso, Roman general in Judaea (m. 117 B.C.)

Deaths

  • Heron of Alexandria, approximate date.

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