The monarchy (from the Latin: monarchĭa ; and this from the ancient Greek: μοναρχία [ monarkhía ]) is a form of State (although it is often defined as a form of government) in which a group integrated into the State, generally a family that represents a dynasty, embodies the national identity of the country and its head, the monarch, plays the role of head of state. The political power of the monarch can vary from the purely symbolic (parliamentary monarchy), to being integrated into the form of government: with considerable but restricted executive powers (constitutional monarchy), to the completely autocratic (absolute monarchy).

In a monarchy, the head of state or supreme office is:

The term "monarchy" comes from the Greek μονος mónos 'one', and αρχειν arkhein : 'command, guide, govern', interpretable as "government of one". This sole ruler is called monarch or king (from the Latin rex ) although the names used for this position and its protocol treatment vary according to local tradition, religion or the legal or territorial structure of the government ( see corresponding section ). The State governed by a monarch is also called a monarchy or a kingdom.

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