Julius Caesar

Gaius or Gaius Julius Caesar (Latin: Gaius Iulius Caesar; July 12 or 13, 100 BC – March 15, 44 BC) was a Roman politician and military officer of the 1st century BC. C. member of the patrician Julius Caesars who reached the highest magistracies of the Roman State and dominated the politics of the Republic after winning the civil war that confronted him with the most conservative sector of the Senate.

Born into the gens Julia, a patrician family of little fortune, he was related to some of the most influential men of his time, such as his uncle Gaius Mario, who would have a decisive influence on his political career, in 84 BC, at the age of 16, the popular Lucio Cornelio Cinna named him flamen Dialis, a religious charge from which he was relieved by Sila, with whom he had conflicts because of his marriage to Cinna's daughter. After escaping death at the hands of dictator Sila's henchmen, he was pardoned thanks to the intercession of his mother's relatives. Transferred to the province of Asia, he fought in Mytilene as a legate of Marcus Minutius Thermos. He returned to Rome on Sulla's death in 78 BC, and practiced law for a time. in 73 a. C. he succeeded Gaius Aurelius Cota as pontiff, and soon came into contact with the consuls Pompey and Crassus, whose friendship would enable him to launch his own political career.In 70 a. C. Caesar served as quaestor in the province of Hispania Ulterior and as curule aedile in Rome. During the performance of that magistracy he offered some shows that were remembered for a long time by the people.

in 63 a. C. he was elected urban praetor by obtaining more votes than the rest of the candidates. That same year, Quintus Cecilio Metelo Pío died, appointed pontifex maximus during the Sulla dictatorship, and Caesar won the elections held to replace him. At the end of his pretura he served as propraetor in Hispania, where he led a brief military campaign against the Lusitanians. in 59 a. C. he was elected consul thanks to the support of his two political allies, Pompey and Crassus, the men with whom Caesar formed the so-called First Triumvirate. His colleague during the consulate, Marco Calpurnio Bíbulo, withdrew in order to hinder the work of César, who, however, managed to carry out a series of legal measures, among which an agrarian law that regulated the distribution of land among the veteran soldiers.

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