European colonization of Americas

The European colonization of America began at the end of the 15th century after Christopher Columbus arrived on the continent in 1492 with the support of the Crown of Castile. From there, the Spanish Empire, the Portuguese Empire, and from the beginning of the 17th century, the British Empire (1608), France (1609) and the Netherlands (1625), conquered and colonized a large part of the American territory.

The Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire were the first to carry out the conquest, and they settled mainly in the south of North America, Central America and in the Andean area of ​​South America (Aztec, Maya, Muisca and Inca Empires, respectively). The Spanish Empire was the power that achieved the greatest colonial presence in America. In the Caribbean, he dominated above all Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, including the Florida peninsula within his Caribbean possessions. From the Antillean settlements, it managed to spread throughout the American continent: in North America it managed to defeat the Aztec Empire, located in a small part of present-day Mexico, where it founded cities, in addition to forming a mestizo society with Tlaxcalans, Tarascans, Mixtecs, Zapotecs and hundreds of otherindigenous tribes. From there, it spread throughout Central America, incorporating the Mayan-speaking tribe, as well as the Pipiles, the Niquiranos, and the Guaimi-speaking peoples of Veragua (Panama). From Panama, the conquest of the Andean zone of South America was undertaken to the central zone of present-day Chile. At the same time, in search of the Sierra de la Plata and the lands of the White King, cities were founded in the Plata estuary and on the banks of the Paraná and Paraguay rivers, Asunción being the most important of them.

Portugal appropriated most of the Atlantic coastal strip of the northern part of South America, which would later originate the State of Brazil. England established thirteen colonies on the North American Atlantic coastal strip, as well as on some Caribbean islands. France occupied what is now French Guiana in South America (still under its rule), Louisiana in the Gulf of Mexico, some Caribbean islands, and the Canadian region of Quebec. The Netherlands established colonies in North America (New Amsterdam, later New York), northern South America (Dutch Guiana, now Suriname), and some settlements on Caribbean islands (Netherlands Antilles and Aruba).

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