Ancient Greek philosophy

Ancient Greek philosophy is a period in the history of philosophy comprised, approximately, between the emergence of Western philosophy in the Ionia area at the beginning of the 6th century BC. C. until the invasion of Macedonia by the Romans in 149 a. C. It is also sometimes called classical philosophy or ancient philosophy, although that period may include Roman philosophy as well.

Greek philosophy can be divided into three sub-periods: that of pre-Socratic philosophy, which goes from Thales of Miletus to Socrates and the sophists, classical Greek philosophy (Plato and Aristotle), and the post-Aristotelian or Hellenistic period. A fourth period comprising Christian and Neoplatonic philosophy is sometimes distinguished.

Pre-Socratic philosophy was characterized by a variety of different proposals on how to understand the world and man's place in it. Due to cultural advances and intense contact with neighboring cultures, the cities of the Greek world began to criticize the traditional mythological conception of the world, and searched for an alternative, natural and unified conception. The thought of these early physiologists only comes to us through fragmentary writings and reports by later thinkers.

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