Absolutism is the denomination of a political regime, a part of a historical period, an ideology and a political system (the 'absolute state'), typical of the so-called Old Regime, and characterized by the theoretical claim (with different degrees of realization in the practice) that the political power of the ruler was not subject to any institutional limitation, outside of divine law.It is a unique power from the formal point of view, indivisible, inalienable and inconsequential.

The positive acts of the exercise of powers (legislation, administration and jurisdiction) were supported by the last instance of decision, the monarchy. From the monarch emanated all the powers of the state, not being above but below it; which implies the identification of the person of the absolute king with the State itself:

It should not be confused with totalitarianism, a concept typical of the Contemporary Age. In the regime of totalitarianism, power is concentrated in the State as an organization, and in turn said State is dominated and managed in all its aspects by a political party; this in turn imposes on the community a very defined ideology that permeates all social activities (art, science, economics, behavioral habits). In absolutism there is no «State» properly speaking (and even less a political party) but the State is identified with an individual who exercises authority without the need for any ideology;

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