The Ius Civile

By: Anavitarte, E. J.*

The ius civilis or ius civile, constituted all that right that the Romans considered their own, either because it had been created democratically in the elections or the senate, or because its use within the civitas was universally respected.

Thus, this set of legal norms are the essence of Roman law, since they constitute its axiological ─moral─ and legal nucleus; whose main sources were the law (lex), and other norms with the force of law, such as imperial constitutions, plebiscites, and senateconsults.

Due to this identity nature, the ius civile applied exclusively to the members of Roman civil society, that is, to its citizens, and within this were the quiritary rights, the power of the paterfamilias, or the mancipatio.

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