Natural Person in Roman Law

By: Anavitarte, E. J.*

In Roman law, the natural or physical person is the individual of the human species that is alive and has legal capacity.

This capacity can be improved, diminished or altered according to various criteria, such as their freedom, their citizenship, their family relationships, their age, their social status or their sex. In Roman law, person was synonymous with legal capacity.

For Roman law, civil personality is not synonymous with the human condition, but with a degree of protection and social and legal recognition of people. This doctrine is maintained to this day, with the difference that this degree of protection is currently conferred on all individuals through mechanisms such as human rights.

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